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  • [Biomed Opt Express.] 유방암 세포 검출 용 저비용 휴대형 형광 계기판 개발Development of a low-cost and portable smart fluorometer for detecting breast cancer cells.

    University of Saskatchewan / Mohammad Wajih Alam*

  • 출처
    Biomed Opt Express.
  • 등재일
    2019 Jan 4
  • 저널이슈번호
    10(2):399-410. doi: 10.1364/BOE.10.000399. eCollection 2019 Feb 1.
  • 내용

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    Abstract
    Instruments that allow the detection of fluorescence signal are invaluable tools for biomedical and clinical researchers. The technique is widely used in cell biology to microscopically detect target proteins of interest in mammalian cells. Importantly, fluorescence microscopy finds major applications in cancer biology where cancer cells are chemically labelled for detection. However, conventional fluorescence detection instruments such as fluorescence imaging microscopes are expensive, not portable and entail potentially high maintenance costs. Here we describe the design, development and applicability of a low-cost and portable fluorometer for the detection of fluorescence signal emitted from a model breast cancer cell line, engineered to stably express the green fluorescent protein (GFP). This device utilizes a flashlight which works in the visible range as an excitation source and a photodiode as the detector. It also utilizes an emission filter to mainly allow the fluorescence signal to reach the detector while eliminating the use of an excitation filter and dichroic mirror, hence, making the device compact, low-cost, portable and lightweight. The custom-built sample chamber is fabricated with a 3D printer to house the detector circuitry. We demonstrate that the developed fluorometer is able to distinguish between the cancer cell expressing GFP and the control cell. The fluorometer we developed exhibits immense potential for future applicability in the selective detection of fluorescently-labelled breast cancer cells.

     


    Author information

    Alam MW1, Wahid KA1, Goel RK2, Lukong KE2.
    1
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A9, Saskatchewan, Canada.
    2
    Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Saskatchewan, Canada.

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