연세의대 / 김수영, 장항석, 이용상*
Background: This study aimed to investigate the antitumor activity of paclitaxel with radiation and sorafenib in anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cells in vitro and in vivo.
Methods: The 8505C ATC cell line was exposed to radiation, sorafenib, and paclitaxel each or in combination. The effects of combined treatment on the cell cycle and intracellular signaling pathways were assessed using flow cytometry and western blot analysis. An ATC cell line xenograft model was used to examine antitumor activity in vivo.
Results: Radiation, paclitaxel plus sorafenib synergistically decreased cell viability in ATC cells and significantly increased apoptotic cell death. The combination of paclitaxel, sorafenib with radiation reduced the antiapoptotic factor in ATC. This combination therapy significantly reduced the tumor volume and increased survival in the ATC xenograft model.
Conclusions: These results suggest that the combination of radiation and paclitaxel plus sorafenib has significant anticancer activity in preclinical models.
Soo Young Kim 1 , Seok-Mo Kim 1 , Hojin Chang 1 , Hang-Seok Chang 1 , Cheong Soo Park 2 , Yong Sang Lee 1
1 Department of Surgery, Thyroid Cancer Center, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Institute of Refractory Thyroid Cancer, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
2 Department of Surgery, CHA Ilsan Medical Center, Goyang, South Korea.