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  • [Medicina (Kaunas) .] Incidental Axillary Dose of Tomotherapy in Hypofractionated Whole Breast Radiotherapy for Early Breast Cancer: A Dosimetrical Analysis

    순천향의대, 한림의대 / 여승구*, 김민정*

  • 출처
    Medicina (Kaunas) .
  • 등재일
    2023 Jun 3
  • 저널이슈번호
    59(6):1081. doi: 10.3390/medicina59061081.
  • 내용

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    Abstract
    Background and Objectives: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is becoming a more common method of performing whole breast irradiation (WBI) for early breast cancer. This study aimed to examine the incidental dose to the axillary region using tomotherapy, a unique form of IMRT. Patients and Methods: This study included 30 patients with early-stage breast cancer who underwent adjuvant WBI using TomoDirect IMRT. A hypofractionation scheme of 42.4 Gy delivered in 16 fractions was prescribed. The plan comprised of two parallel-opposed beams, along with two additional beams positioned anteriorly at gantry angles of 20° and 40° from the medial beam. The incidental dose received at axillary levels I, II, and III was evaluated using several dose-volume parameters. Results: The study participants had a median age of 51 years, and 60% had left-sided breast cancer. The mean dose of the axilla for levels I, II, and III were 15.5 ± 4.8 Gy, 14.9 ± 4.2 Gy, and 1.5 ± 1.6 Gy, respectively. Adequate coverage of the axilla, defined as V95%[%], was achieved for 4.7 ± 3.9%, 4.8 ± 3.7%, and 0 ± 0% for levels I, II, and III, respectively. The results were compared with those of previously published studies, and the axillary mean dose and V95%[%] of TomoDirect IMRT were low, comparable to other IMRT techniques, and lower than those of traditional tangential therapy. Conclusions: While incidental axillary radiation during WBI has been proposed to assist in regional disease control, the TomoDirect plan was demonstrated to decrease this dose, and a hypofractionation scheme would further lower its biological effectiveness. Future clinical studies should incorporate dosimetrical analysis of incidental axillary dose, in order to facilitate hypofractionated IMRT planning with risk-adjusted axilla coverage in early breast cancer.

     

     

    Affiliations

    Seung-Gu Yeo 1, Cheol Wan Lim 2, Sung-Mo Hur 2, Zisun Kim 2, Kwang Hwan Cho 1, Min-Jeong Kim 3
    1Department of Radiation Oncology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon 14584, Republic of Korea.
    2Department of Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon 14584, Republic of Korea.
    3Department of Radiology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang 14068, Republic of Korea.

  • 키워드
    axilla; breast cancer; incidental dose; radiation therapy; tomotherapy.
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