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  • [Ann Coloproctol .] Efficacy of preoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients with cT2N0 distal rectal cancer

    울산의대 / 박민영, 유창식*

  • 출처
    Ann Coloproctol .
  • 등재일
    2023 Jun
  • 저널이슈번호
    39(3):250-259. doi: 10.3393/ac.2022.00066.0009. Epub 2022 Apr 4.
  • 내용

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    Abstract
    Purpose: This study was designed to determine the feasibility of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) in patients with clinical T2N0 distal rectal cancer.

    Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for clinical T2N0 distal rectal cancer between January 2008 and December 2016 were included. Patients were divided into PCRT and non-PCRT groups. Non-PCRT patients underwent radical resection or local excision (LE) according to the surgeon's decision, and PCRT patients underwent surgery according to the response to PCRT. Patients received 50.0 to 50.4 gray of preoperative radiotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy.

    Results: Of 127 patients enrolled, 46 underwent PCRT and 81 did not. The mean distance of lesions from the anal verge was lower in the PCRT group (P=0.004). The most frequent operation was transanal excision and ultralow anterior resection in the PCRT and non-PCRT groups, respectively. Of the 46 patients who underwent PCRT, 21 (45.7%) achieved pathologic complete response, including 15 of the 24 (62.5%) who underwent LE. Rectal sparing rate was significantly higher in the PCRT group (11.1% vs. 52.2%, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in 3- and 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival regardless of PCRT or surgical procedures.

    Conclusion: PCRT in clinical T2N0 distal rectal cancer patients increased the rectal sparing rate via LE and showed acceptable oncologic outcomes. PCRT may be a feasible therapeutic option to avoid abdominoperineal resection in clinical T2N0 distal rectal cancer.

     

     

    Affiliations

    Min Young Park 1, Chang Sik Yu 1, Tae Won Kim 2, Jong Hoon Kim 3, Jin-Hong Park 3, Jong Lyul Lee 1, Yong Sik Yoon 1, In Ja Park 1, Seok-Byung Lim 1, Jin Cheon Kim 1
    1Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    2Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    3Department of Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

  • 키워드
    Colorectal neoplasms; Local excision; Preoperative chemoradiotherapy; Survival.
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