성균관의대 / 김나리, 임도훈*
Purpose: Hypofractionated radiotherapy (HypoRT) has recently been implemented in patients with glioblastoma (GBM) receiving concurrent temozolomide. Lymphopenia during treatment (LDT) is considered an important prognostic factor of clinical outcomes for GBM. We aimed to investigate the outcomes of HypoRT.
Materials and methods: Among 223 patients with GBM, 145 and 78 were treated with conventionally fractionated RT (ConvRT, 60 Gy in 30 fractions) and HypoRT (58.5 Gy in 25 fractions), respectively. To balance characteristics between the two groups, propensity score matching (PSM) was performed.
Results: Patients in the HypoRT group were older and had smaller tumors than those in the ConvRT group (p<0.05). Furthermore, dose distributions to the brain were significantly lower in HypoRT than in ConvRT (p<0.001). Changes in absolute lymphocyte counts (ALC) during treatment were significantly lower after HypoRT than after ConvRT (p=0.018). With a median follow-up of 16.9 months, HypoRT showed comparable progression-free survival (9.9 months vs. 10.5 months) and overall survival (27.2 months vs. 26.6 months) to ConvRT (all p>0.05). Multivariable analysis before PSM revealed that ≥grade 2 LDT at 6 months was associated with inferior outcomes. Subsequent analysis demonstrated that HypoRT significantly reduced the rate of ≥grade 2 LDT at 6 months post-RT before and after PSM.
Conclusion: HypoRT with 58.5 Gy in 25 fractions could provide comparable oncologic outcomes and significantly reduce the ALC changes. In addition, HypoRT decreased the LDT. Further investigation should be warranted to suggest the significance of reduced LDT through HypoRT affecting survival outcomes.
Nalee Kim 1, Do Hoon Lim 2, Jung Won Choi 3, Jung-Il Lee 3, Doo-Sik Kong 3, Ho Jun Seol 3, Do-Hyun Nam 3
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. email@example.com.
3Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Tumor Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.