KIRAMS / 김은지, 장원일*
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical infrastructure and utilization of radiotherapy (RT) services in Korea between 2017 and 2019.
Materials and methods: We extracted the data of patients who underwent RT between 2017 and 2019 from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. We further analyzed this data according to the diagnosis and treatment modalities of patients diagnosed with International Classification of Disease 10 (ICD-10) diagnostic codes C00-C97 and D00-D48. In addition, we collected statistics on RT facilities in Korea using a nationwide survey.
Results: The total number of patients who received RT in 2017, 2018, and 2019 were 77,901, 81,849, and 87,460, respectively. The number of patients diagnosed with ICD 10 C- and D-codes in 2019 was 86,339, of whom 39,467 were men and 46,872 women. The rate of utilization of RT among cancer patients was 30.4% in 2017 and 2018 and 30.9% in 2019. In 2019, the most common types of cancers treated with RT were breast, lung, prostate, colorectal, and liver cancers. Regarding the RT infrastructure in Korea, there were 95 radiation oncology centers, 237 megavoltage (MV) teletherapy units, 35 brachytherapy units, and two proton accelerators in 2019. There were 4.5 MV teletherapy machines per million.
Conclusion: The number of patients treated with RT has increased consistently from 2017 to 2019. As the number of patients with cancer increases, it is expected that the RT infrastructure will be further expanded in Korea.
Eunji Kim 1, Won Il Jang 1, Kwangmo Yang 1, Mi-Sook Kim 1, Hyung Jun Yoo 1, Eun Kyung Paik 1, Heejin Kim 2, Jaesun Yoon 3
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
2External Strategy Team, Strategic Planning Office, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Biostatistics, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.