University of Sheffield / Helleday T*
The glycolytic PFKFB3 enzyme is widely overexpressed in cancer cells and an emerging anti-cancer target. Here, we identify PFKFB3 as a critical factor in homologous recombination (HR) repair of DNA double-strand breaks. PFKFB3 rapidly relocates into ionizing radiation (IR)-induced nuclear foci in an MRN-ATM-γH2AX-MDC1-dependent manner and co-localizes with DNA damage and HR repair proteins. PFKFB3 relocalization is critical for recruitment of HR proteins, HR activity, and cell survival upon IR. We develop KAN0438757, a small molecule inhibitor that potently targets PFKFB3. Pharmacological PFKFB3 inhibition impairs recruitment of ribonucleotide reductase M2 and deoxynucleotide incorporation upon DNA repair, and reduces dNTP levels. Importantly, KAN0438757 induces radiosensitization in transformed cells while leaving non-transformed cells unaffected. In summary, we identify a key role for PFKFB3 enzymatic activity in HR repair and present KAN0438757, a selective PFKFB3 inhibitor that could potentially be used as a strategy for the treatment of cancer.
Gustafsson NMS1,2, Färnegårdh K3,4, Bonagas N5, Ninou AH5,3, Groth P5, Wiita E5, Jönsson M3, Hallberg K6,7, Lehto J5,3, Pennisi R8, Martinsson J7, Norström C3, Hollers J9, Schultz J3, Andersson M7, Markova N10, Marttila P5, Kim B9,11, Norin M3, Olin T3, Helleday T12,13.
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