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  • [J Am Coll Cardiol.] PET Assessment of Epicardial Intimal Disease and Microvascular Dysfunction in Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy.

    University of Ottawa Heart Institute / Chih S*

  • 출처
    J Am Coll Cardiol.
  • 등재일
    2018 Apr 3
  • 저널이슈번호
    71(13):1444-1456. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.01.062.
  • 내용

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    Abstract
    BACKGROUND:
    Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a leading cause of graft failure and death after heart transplantation. Absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantification using rubidium 82 (Rb-82) positron emission tomography (PET) could enable evaluation of diagnostically challenging diffuse epicardial and microvascular disease in CAV.

    OBJECTIVES:
    The authors aimed to evaluate Rb-82 PET detection of CAV.

    METHODS:
    Consecutive transplant recipients undergoing coronary angiography were prospectively evaluated with PET, multivessel intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and intracoronary hemodynamics. CAV was defined as International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation CAV1-3 on angiography and maximal intimal thickness ≥0.5 mm on IVUS.

    RESULTS:
    Forty patients (mean age 56 years, 4.8 years post-transplant) completed evaluation. CAV was detected in 32 patients (80%) by IVUS and 14 (35%) by angiography. PET correlated significantly with invasive coronary flow indices: r = 0.29, rate-pressure product-adjusted myocardial flow reserve (cMFR) versus coronary flow reserve; r = 0.28, relative flow reserve versus fractional flow reserve; and r = 0.37, coronary vascular resistance (CVR) versus index of microcirculatory resistance. Patients with CAV or microvascular dysfunction had reduced cMFR and stress MBF and increased CVR. Receiver operator characteristic curves demonstrated good accuracy of PET for CAV on IVUS (area under the curve 0.77 to 0.81) and optimal diagnostic cutoffs of cMFR <2.9, stress MBF <2.3, and CVR >55. Combined PET assessment for CAV yielded excellent >93% sensitivity (>65% specificity) for 1 abnormal parameter and >96% specificity (>55% sensitivity) for 2 abnormal parameters.

    CONCLUSIONS:
    Rb-82 PET flow quantification has high diagnostic accuracy for CAV, with potential for noninvasive evaluation after heart transplantation.

     


    Author information

    Chih S1, Chong AY2, Erthal F3, deKemp RA3, Davies RA4, Stadnick E4, So DY2, Overgaard C5, Wells G6, Mielniczuk LM4, Beanlands RSB3.
    1
    Heart Failure and Transplantation, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: schih@ottawaheart.ca.
    2
    Interventional Cardiology, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    3
    Cardiac Imaging, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    4
    Heart Failure and Transplantation, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    5
    Division of Cardiology, Toronto General Hospital-University Health Network, Toronto, Canada.
    6
    Cardiovascular Research Methods Centre, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

  • 키워드
    cardiac allograft vasculopathy; flow quantification; flow reserve; heart transplantation; intravascular ultrasound; positron emission tomography
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