서울대, 충남대 / 강내원, 김대덕*, 이재영*
Hydroxyapatite-binding albumin nanoclusters (NCs) were developed for improving the anticancer agent accumulation in bone tumors. Human serum albumin (HSA) was decorated with alendronate (AD), and doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded NCs (HSA-AD/DOX) were fabricated via the ball-milling technology, an innovative nano-fabrication method by which more than 90% of the secondary structures of albumin can be preserved. The targeting ability of NCs was confirmed using a novel in vitro bone cancer model, wherein hydroxyapatite and collagen, the major components of the bone matrix representing the highly mineralized bone tumor microenvironment, were co-cultured with HOS/MNNG, a human osteosarcoma cell line. The binding affinity of HSA-AD/DOX to hydroxyapatite was evaluated based on the DOX binding efficiency. HSA-AD/DOX showed a 5.04-fold higher affinity than HSA/DOX. The enhanced distribution of HSA-AD/DOX to bone tumors was verified using a newly developed mouse model bearing HOS/MNNG tumors with hydroxyapatite beads. HSA-AD/DOX led to a 52.0% increase in tumor accumulation compared to that of the unmodified HSA/DOX. This is mainly due to the hydroxyapatite-binding affinity of the AD moiety, which is supported by histological analyses performed on the dissected tumors. Furthermore, HSA-AD/DOX changed the protein expression patterns of the tumors, implying the enhanced apoptotic process. Overall, the targeting ability of HSA-AD/DOX are effectively translated into improved therapeutic efficacy in bone tumor-xenografted mice, suggesting that the developed NCs are a promising delivery system for bone tumor treatment.
Nae-Won Kang 1 , Jae-Young Lee 2 , Dae-Duk Kim 3
1 College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.
2 College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: email@example.com.
3 College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.